The Netherlands has a strong standing in the areas of renewable energy and energy efficiency and a leading position in wind energy at sea, biomass processing and greenhouse farming. The energy sector contributes substantially to Dutch national income, exports and employment. The government has therefore opted for a modern industry policy aimed at making better use of the economic opportunities for both green and grey energy. Circular economy is a hot topic in the Netherlands. The Government-wide programme for a Circular Economy is aimed at developing a circular economy in the Netherlands by 2050. The ideal picture is a circular economy in which raw materials are never depleted. This economy can be structured so that there is a positive coupling between economic growth and the growth of natural resources (“negative” emissions / positive footprints). In a circular economy, value chains will be organised differently. More information can be found on:


As a highly-urbanised city-state with limited natural resources, sustainability is synonymous with Singapore. The city-state is noted for placing sustainability at the core of its government policies over the decades while enabling a growing economy. Due to the confluence of technological advancement and regulatory changes, Singapore is adopting an integrated approach towards in sustainable energy management across power generation, transmission & distribution and consumption. For instance, Singapore is ramping up solar PV adoption through initiatives such as SolarNova, a landmark government-led programme that aims to accelerate solar deployment in Singapore by promoting and aggregating solar demand across government agencies. Singapore is actively exploring opportunities in promoting sustainable growth for the energy industry. The focus has been to kick-start bio-diesel production and to develop next-generation technological capabilities in harnessing renewables. At the same time, Singapore is developing, testing and deploying solutions to manage the intermittency that solar energy presents to the grid, for instance by smart controls, weather forecasting, energy storage and demand response. Singapore is also introducing energy management systems and smart meters to help households and businesses lower energy consumption and reduce operational costs. More information can be found on: